Product Description: This Municipal Police EM Shako is a gorgeous example. The Polizei green wool on the exterior is extremely well preserved, with only a few small marks. The wreathed eagle and swastika Polizei organizational emblem on the front is a very detailed strike and shows almost no wear, with some darkening to the recesses that really sets off the design. The aluminum cockade is intact and nearly perfect, as is the brown leather chin strap with nickel silver fittings. The patent leather visor shows only extremely slight age and retains lots of original luster. The top of this Shako is also still very glossy. Inside, this Municipal Police EM Shako is absolutely complete, with a leather liner that shows only very light traces of honest wear. A leather draw string is present in the liner. The dome has a wonderful decal indicating this was manufactured by the firm of Hans Römer in Neu-Ulm (Donau). There are a few personalized bits: the liner is inked with the initials “Ell.” and “Kone” is written inside the chinstrap. Overall, this is an excellent piece that oozes with early quality and is packed with loads of visual appeal. It displays great.
Historical Description: The German Polizei (Police) had very many different roles before and during WWII. There were many different Police organizations that worked together for the purposes of law enforcement and maintaining order. The Ordnungspolizei was the regular police. Under the Ordnungspolizei umbrella were the various Schutzpolizei (protection police) units, including state, municipal, rural, and traffic police. There was also the Water Protection Police and the Fire Protection Police. Also within the Ordnungspolizei jurisdiction was the Hilfspolizei, a category which included volunteer fire departments, Air Raid Protection Police, postal protection, and Factory Protection Police, among other groups. Police batallions of the Ordnungspolizei deployed to occupied territories during WWII, where their duties included the roundup and elimination of Jews and other civilian groups the Nazis regarded as undesirable. Besides the Ordnungspolizei, there was also the Sicherheitspolizei, made up of the combined forces of the criminal police and the Gestapo secret police. Also under police jurisdiction was the Sicherheitsdienst, the intelligence service of the Nazi party and SS. Starting in 1943, all German police forces were placed under the command of SS leader Heinrich Himmler. The various Polizei organizations all had distinctive uniforms and insignia which indicated rank, organizational assignment, and occupational assignment. Headgear of Polizei units ranged from the mostly ornamental “Tschako” helmets of civilian police forces, to field caps and combat helmets. As with all Third Reich uniformed organizations, the Polizei had their own ID documents and awards, as well.
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