Product Description: This is a very desirable early Kriegsmarine Coastal Artillery Badge made by C. E. Juncker, one of the Third Reich’s premiere award manufacturers. It is made of Tombak. Looking at the wear on this piece, it is apparent that it probably was worn on a tunic. Most of the gilding is gone on the wreath, revealing the brass-colored base metal. The gun emplacement retains some of the original chemical blackening, the contrast with the wreath is appealing. The reverse of the piece is flat with typical signs of wear. It’s very well marked with the name of the designer as well as that of the manufacturer. The hardware setup features a block hinge, and a wide pin. The wire catch is a detail that indicates early production. A desirable setup on a desirable early badge from a very sought-after maker for these.
Historical Description: The Kriegsmarine Coastal Artillery Badge (Kriegsabzeichen für die Marineartillerie) was instituted on June 24, 1941, by Kriegsmarine leader Grossadmiral Erich Raeder. The purpose of the badge was to recognize the successes of the Kriegsmarine coastal artillery and anti-aircraft units, and it was authorized to be awarded to entire units as well as individual soldiers. The design of the badge, which was created by Otto Placzek, featured a coastal artillery gun, with the sea behind, surrounded by a wreath and surmounted by the German national eagle and swastika emblem. The award criteria for this badge were complex and in part based on a points system. Various achievements, such as being part of a crew to shoot down a plane, successfully deploying searchlights, or successfully using radar, were assigned values of between 0.5 and 2 points, with 8 points being needed to earn the badge. The badge could also be rewarded for exceptional personal achievements in combat, or for leadership, and it could also be awarded posthumously. Starting in 1943, the award could also be earned by Kriegsmarine gun crews who destroyed enemy tanks or ships.
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